|Istruzioni di moduli solari||216.73 KB|
CPV36xx and CPV60xx
Instruction for instalation, maintenance and operation with monocristal photovoltaic modules CPV36Mxx and CPV60Mxx
Users' manual for monocristal photovoltaic modules
Crane Ltd, Bulgaria, 4004 Plovdiv, 26, Komatevsko shose Str., phone + !" 26!#!#$, %a& + !" 26!#!$0, e'mail( email@example.com ))).*rane'+g.*om
,. -ntrodu*tion 2. Produ*t des*ription . Sa%et. instru*tions .,. /ransportation and storage 4. -nstalation positioning !. 0ssem+l. and instalation !.,. 1e*hani*al assem+l.ing !.2. 2le*tri* s*heme !. . 3rounding !.4. 2le*tri* instalation 6. Cleaning and maintenan*e #. Pro+lems in operation $. Conta*ts
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The Crane Ltds' photovoltaic (PV) mod le allo!s "o directl" to transfor the solar energ" into electric energ". To be able to se !hole capacit" of PV mod le# please read and appl" caref ll" here!ith given instr ctions. $n case the" are not complied !ith# this might lead to ne%pected damages. The entire instr ction gives information regarding the safet" meas res# !hich sho ld be observed d ring the time of deliver" and instalation of photovoltaic mod le CPV&'(1)* and CPV'*(+)*. Please ,eep this instr ction d ring !hole service life of PV mod le. Please read ver" caref ll" chapters ' (cleaning and maintenance) and - (problems in operation).
The instalation and maintenance of your photovoltaic module must be performed only by well trained personal, who can perform the technical procedure described in this instalations.
The prod ct !arrant" !ill be invalid# if the !ritten instr ctions are not complied !ith. /e recommend "o to ma,e an ins rance of "o r PV mod les against nat ral disasters.
2. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION TECHNICAL DATA
Produ*t line Po)er 4p. /.pe 0rea 5m26 4eight 5kg6 1a&imal s.stems7 voltage 8s.s 586 1a&imal reverse *urrent -r 506 9un*tion +o& Conne*tor 4inter : sno) resistan*e 5Pa6 Certi%i*ates CPV&'(1)* 1)* /ith frame 1 1) 1*** +* Protection class $P '0 !ith + b"pass leds 12) 0)** 234 $5C '1+104 $5C '1-&* CPV'*(+)* +)* /ith frame 1.'& +* 1*** +* Protection class $P '- !ith & b"pass leds (C) 0)**
3. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
DANGER! Risk from e e!"ri! s#o!k!
The photovoltaic mod le oscillates electricit" even !ith lo! light intensit". The phisical interr ption of active grid-cir6 it can ca se an arc# !hich can bring serio s in7 ries or death.
• • • •
8o not disconect connections# !hich are nder voltage. 9ear in mind that even !itho t da"light# there co ld be resid al charge in the mod les. :o be e%tremel" caref l !hen performing an" activities on photovoltaic mod les. Cover the photovoltaic mod le !ith opa6 e material d ring the !hole assembl"ing period. ;nl" b" this !a" it !ill be s rel" de-energi<ed. $t is nesessar" to compl" !ith the reg lations and the safet" instr ctions !hen instaling the electric devices and s"stems. $n case of mod le or phase voltage over 1+*V# the additional lo! voltage remains. Provide the necessar" protection and safet" meas res. 8o not p t electricall" cond ctable parts in the soc,ets or additional materials. Children or na thori<ed persons sho ld not be allo!ed near the mod les. P>@A?C/ P>@/2C/-@=
• • • • •
Protect the mod le agains scrapings and another damages# especiall" from edges impacts or incorrect storage. 8o not p t the mod les area nder mechanical press re. 8o not step on the mod les. 8o not drop or do not p t s b7ects on the mod le. 8o not do mod les modification. 8o not drill additional holes on the photovoltaic mod le (eg. for fastenings) 8o not open 7 nction bo% in an" case. 8o not se light concentrators (eg. mirrors or lens) in an attempt to increase the mod le capacit". The mod le can get damaged. This !ill also void the g arantee.
3.1. TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE
/>0=SP@>/ : S/@>032 To avoid PV mod le damage= • :tore PV mod le in dr" premises. The pac,age is not atmosphere infl ence resistible. • Transport the mod le in its original pac,age ntil its instalation. • >se vac m c pping glass for mod les' movement and transportation or hold the mod le b" the edges. Carr" the mod le in vertical position !hen transporting over long distances. • 8o not pic, and do not move the mod le !hile sing the cables or the 7 nction bo% area in nder an" circ mstances. • 8o not pile- p mod les one over another. • 8o not let the mod le to recline on its edges# !itho t protecting it.
$. INSTALATION POSITIONING • •
• • • • The mod le is tested for safet" operation in temperate climate. ?llo!ed temperat res for the mod le are bet!een -)* @C and AB0@C. Chec, if there is ade6 ate ventilation nder the mod le# so the ma%imal temperat re e%ceeding to be avoided. ;bserve the re6 irements for f nctional gro nding in dependence of mod les positioning (see chapter 0.) CDro ndingE). 8o not e%pose the mod le to the chemicals impact 8o not deep the mod le in !ater. Th 7 nction bo% is resistible onl" to !ater drops. 8o not position the mod le neear to flamable gases or vapo rs (eg. gas containers) or near to open fire or flamable materials. 08@-A-=3 /B2 SB0A-=3 The optimal solar radiation leads to ma%imal electric prod ction. This for# position the mod le in a !a" that the photovoltaic cells to be oriented to!ard the s n. ?void mod le shading# as this !ill ca se negative effect to its performance. $t is believed that a mod le is f ll" !itho t shading# !hen there is no shado! over it tho gh the "ear (eg. shado! from= b ildings# chimne"s# trees). 5ven partial mod les shading (eg. overhead cables# pol tion# sno!) m st be avoided (see also chapter - CCleaning and maintenanceE). ?lso caref l" revise the mod les' orienatation specification and the inclination degree (see chapter 0.1 C(echanical assembl"ingE).
%. ASSE&'LY AND INSTALATION
S0;2/< -=S/>?C/-@=S 40>=-=3C Aamaged modules7 *omponents *an *reate risk o% %ireC • $nstal onl" reliable photovoltaic mod le. • 9efore the instalation# ma,e s re that 7 nction bo%# cable and connectors are not damaged. • 8o not open 7 nction bo% in an" circ mstances. • ?ll!a"s ,eep the photovoltaic mod le in dr" premises. The pac,age is not climate infl ence resistible. • The mod les' voltage is higher !ith lo!er temperat res andFor !hen there is higher radiation than the :tandard Test Conditions (+0 ;C cells temperat re# 1***/Fm+# ?( 1#0). This m st be ta,en into acco nt !hen "o connect several mod les# so that the total voltage of the mod les strings m st not e%ceed 1*** V8C (in agreement !ith $5C '1+10# 5dition 1F'1-&*# 5dition +) or '** V8C (in agreement !ith >L1-*&). • Please compl" !ith the re6 irements for f nctional gro nding in dependence of mod les' positioning (see Chapter 0.)# CDro ndingE)
• • • • • •
8o not instal the mod le in conditions of high !ind or rain. /e recommend the assembl" to be done onl" in dr" and not !ind" !eather. /hen assemb" is to be done on b ildings# there is a danger from tools# assembl"ing materials or photovoltaic mod les of falling and harming people. This for# mar, the danger <one on the gro nd before the assembl" prosses being started. /arn the people in visinit" of the assembl"ing or those in the b ilding. Geep the children a!a" of the instalation place. Carr" o t the !iring activities as the people do not being p n in danger and no damage occ rs. Protect all mod les' parts agains mechanical impacts (eg. press re# tension# torsional stress) d ring the transportation and instalation. (a,e s re that in ever" moment the bending radi s of the connection cables is bigger than '*mm. 8 ring the instalation of photovoltaic mod les# the connectors and the tools necessaril" m st be dr". S0;2/< >23?L0/-@=S
H les and safet" instr ctions applicable to the electric appliances and s"stems instalation in the co ntr" m st be respected. ;->2 S0;2/< Compl" !ith national reg lations and instr ctions for fire safet".
!.,. 12CB0=-C0L 0SS21BL<-=3
1@A?L2S7 P@S-/-@=-=3 0//2=/-@=C /he improper modules instalation *an *reate %ire riskC • The mod le can be instaled in hori<ontal or in vertical position. • 8 ring mod les instalation# the 7 nction bo% m st be at their pper side# and the cables to drop do!n • The mod l m st be installed in !a" that the rain !ater and melting sno! to drain freel". ?fter the instalation# the draining holes m st be opened# to be avoided the !ater retention and p ddles formation# so the ris, of damages ca sed of free<ing to be bro ght to minim m • $nstal the mod le !ith minimal inclination of &;. • ;n instaltions !ith inclination angle I+* ;# reg larl" chec, for acc m lated pol tion (soil# bird droppings and others). The rain !ill help for the removement of soil contaminated areas# alltho gh it is recommended that the mod les are reg larl" cleaned (see Chapter CCleaning and maintenanceE). • The optimal inclination angle depends on the latit de. To g arantee the optimal orientation# !e recommend photovoltaic sim lation tool to be sed. 4-=A @> S=@4 L@0A-=3 Jramed mod les are s itable to be sed !ith ma%imal load of 0)**Pa. 1@?=/-=3 ;>012 5ver" photovolatic mod le sho ld be instaled on an assembl" str ct re# !hich= • to correspond to the necessar" static# local !inds and sno! • to be properl" and firml" attached to the gro nd# over the roof or on the facade • to carr" the forces applied over the panel to the mo ntig frame • to g arantee that there !on't be mecahnical press re oscillated over the mod le (eg. ca sed b" vibrations# torsion or e%pansion). • to ens re ade6 ate ventilation of the mod les' bac, side
• • •
to ens re long stabilit" not to accelerate galvanic corrosion in case of direct contact !ith metal (eg. gro nding g ide F lead# scre!s# rings and others) to allo! free and nlimited e%pansion and contraction d e to nat ral deviations in ambient temparat res 1@A?L2S7 0//0CB12=/
To ens • • • •
re long PV mod le stabilit"= $nstal the mod le and the clips in agreement !ith the assembl" versions $nstal the mod le on minimal distance of 1*mm from each other >se all attachments points and avoid the direct contact bet!een the glass and the assembl" materials Ji% the mod le to the sides sing ) clips for each side and !ith recomendable ion force of 1BKm. 9" doing this# the bending# mecahnical press re and deflection !ill be avoided.
!.2. 2L2C/>-C SCB212
1@A?L2S7 CB@-C2 <ou *an %ind detailed ele*tri*al parameters in the produ*ts7 spe*i%i*ation. /hen connecting several mod les# se mod les from the same t"pe and the same po!er class. This is the onl" !a" to achieve the optimal performance. S0;2/< ;0C/@> $t might occ r that d ring !or,# the mod le s bmits more electricit" andFor higher voltage in comparison !ith that specified tho gh standard test conditions. This for# it is necessar" the safet" factor of 1#+0 to be incl ded for= • 8etermination of the val es for components voltage meas ring (Voc)4 • 8eterminating of the val es for !ires c rrent meas ring ($sc)4 • 5val ation of the control s"stems# connected to the photovoltaic mod les' o tp t 0lternativel., the valid national regulations %or ele*tri*al s.stems instaling should +e implemented. S2>-0L C@==2C/-@= @; S282>0L 1@A?L2S • • • Connect onl" mod les from the same t"pe po!er class. Please speciall" to compl" given sorting specification and tolerance limits for Voc and Vmp. The connection of photovoltaic mod les in a series is permited onl" p to the ma%imal s"stems' voltage pointed in the resective valid specification revision. :tart the mod les operation !hile ta,ing into acco nt all operating conditions and the relevant technical provisions and standards. ?s this the ma%imal mod les' voltage# incl ding necessar" safet" limits !ill not be e%ceeded. C@==2C/-@= -= P0>0LL2L @; S282>0L 1@A?L2S
Connect onl" mod les from the same t"pe and the same po!er class. Chec, if the ma%imal loading capacit" !ith reversive c rrent# given in the specification is complied !ith. $n case of reversive c rrent (ca sed from deffects in the mod le# lea, or deffect in the ins lation)# the mod les can get damaged.
!. . 3>@?=A-=3
;?=C/-@=0L 3>@?=A-=3 A0=32>C -% the grounding is improper, there is a %ire riskC The direct gro nding of positive or negative !ire is allo!ed onl" if the ris,s for the persons are e%cl ded. Copl" !ith all applicable provisions for personal safet" and fire safet".
!.4. 2L2C/>-C -=S/0L0/-@=
S0;2/< -=S/>?C/-@=S A0=32>C Aeath danger due risk o% ele*tri*k sho*kC The phisical disconnection of the contact elements in operating electric cir6 it can ca se arc formation# !hich can lead to serio s in7 r" or death. • 8o not disconect connections# !hich are nder voltage • 8 ring the assembl"# cover the photovoltaic mod le !ith opa6 e material. ;nl" b" this !a" it !ill be s rel" de-energi<ed • Kever to ch the mod les' o tp t connectors !ith bare hands. Jor tht instalaition se onl" dr" and ins lated tools. • Kote the correct polarit". Connectors labeled !ith pl s (A) for positive terminal and min s (-) for negative terminal. • 8o not open the 7 nction bo% !ithin no circ mstances. Lo sho ld not ta,e the protective led. C@==2C/@>S 0=A C@==2C/-@= C0BL2S Jor choosing and sing cables and connectors follo! the ne%t prescriptions= • >se onl" solar cables and connecting cables. >se connectors from the same t"pe and man fact rer and compatible connectors for the invertors' connection. • Chec, if all electric components are in right# dr" and safet" condition. Tat is ho! "o avoid electric shortc ts or dangero s contact voltage d e to deffect or damaged cables. • ?ll!a"s avoid mechanical pres re on the connecting cables. • 5ns re tight connection bet!een individ al connectors (especiall" to the invertor). • Chec, if the" are co pled in the right !a" 0;/2> /B2 0SS21BL< /2>1-=0/-@= ?fter the assembl" termination# ma,e s re that= • The !iring is protected agains pol tion and moist re. • The connectors are not positioned on drainage s rface and that are correctl" connected. • ?re carried all necessar" safet" tests according the present technolog" level.
(. CLEANING AND &AINTENANCE
The Crane Ltds' mod les are prod ced to have long service life and re6 ire minimal mainetnance. The light pol tions are normall" !ashed b" rain. Mo!ever the rain can not !ash ade6 atel" heavier pol tions (eg. pollen# vegetation# bird dropping and others). : ch pol tion# shado!ing mod les' active <ones !ill lead to s"stems' performance limitation. S0;2/< -=S/>?C/-@=S 40>=-=3C Aanger o% inDuries and +urns due to hot modulesC Clean the mod les onl" !hen the mod les' temperat re is bet!een 1* ;C and &*;C# (eg. earl" in the morning or late in the evening). 8o not se electricit" cond ctive tools.
40>=-=3C /here is a risk o% %alling during maintenan*e o% roo% instalations and instalations +uilt in the +uildingsC 8o never enter in the instalaition <one alone and nsafe. /e recommend entr st this activit" to a speciali<ed compan". CL20=-=3 Lo m st reg larl" to remove ac m lated contamination from the mod les. $n addition to safet" instr ctions and chapter &# compl" the follo!ing point= • 8o never step on the mod les. 8o not p t the mod les nder mechanical press re. • ?void cleaning !ith !ater# !hen there is a danger of free<ing and big temperat re differences bet!een mod le# !ater and air. • $f "o se hard !ater for cleaning# to avoid leaving traces# it m st be descaled firstl". Hemove the remaining !ater from the mod le. • Ao not use a+rasive *leaning materials or sur%a*e'a*tive agents 5eg. soap6. Ao not s*rap out the *ontaminations. /his might damage the modules sur%a*e. Comp lsor" sno! and ice removement from mod les s rface can lead to mechanical damages. 10-=/2=0=C2 (od les m st be inspected "earl" b" s,illed specialist abo t the follo!ing= • 5%amination of the fi%ing and not corroded s"stems' components • 5%amination of the connection# cleanness and entiret" of all electric component • Hesistance of contacts and gro nding
). PRO'LE&S IN OPERATION
ATTENTION! De*"# +*,-er +.e e e!"ri!k s#o!k! • Please do not tr" to correct the problems b" "o r self... • $n case of problems or damaged mod les (eg. brocen !indo!# damaged cables)# please contact "o r local s pplier or Crane Ltds' Technical service 8epartment.
C>0=2 Ltd B?L30>-0 4004 Plovdiv, 26 Komatevsko shose Str. Phone( A&0N&+'0-0-B ;a&( A&0N&+'0-0B* e'mail( firstname.lastname@example.org )e+( !!!.crane-bg.com
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